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Автор Тема: Кое-что о реальном EUFOR  (Прочитано 2163 раз)
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« : 17.Апрель.2012 08:50 »

Ну вот например, цитата из педевикии:

Commanders (командующие миссии по годам):
British Major General David Leakey 2 December 2004 - 6 December 2005
Italian Major General Gian Marco Chiarini 6 December 2005 - 5 December 2006
German Rear Admiral Hans-Jochen Witthauer 5 December 2006 - 4 December 2007
Spanish Major General Ignacio Martín Villalaín 4 December 2007 - 4 December 2008[9]
Italian Major General Stefano Castagnotto 4 December 2008 - 3 December 2009
Austrian Major General Bernhard Bair 4 December 2009 – 6 December 2011
Austrian Major General Robert Brieger 6 December 2011 – present
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« Ответ #1 : 17.Апрель.2012 08:54 »

Попрошу пожалуй Султана кинуть сюда инфу о том, какими частями представлен Бундесвер в составе Еуфор.

(как-то было в скайпе, кажется, но на форуме я этого не вижу)
« Последнее редактирование: 17.Апрель.2012 08:54 от Offcourse » Записан
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« Ответ #2 : 22.Май.2012 08:28 »

ой, извини, провтыкал. сегодня постараюсь найти тот док, в котором это было

но навскидку - инженеры, панцергренадиры, связисты и медики
про пецназе не уверен, но инфу о них обычно и не раскрывают
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« Ответ #3 : 09.Ноябрь.2016 09:55 »

На немецкоязычной википедии есть тексты, которые (кажется) еще у нас не фигурировали.

https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Althea

http://www.euforbih.org/eufor/index.php/about-eufor/background

Перевод:

At the NATO Summit in Istanbul, it was decided in June 2004 to end the multinational stabilization mission SFOR to support and monitor the implementation of the Dayton Agreement in Bosnia-Herzegovina at the end of 2004. On 12 July 2004, the Council of the European Union decided to send a military mission as an additional measure in addition to the political approaches, the aid programs and the police and observer mission.

From 2 December 2004 EUFOR started its biggest mission so far with 6,300 soldiers. It therefore had a similar staffing as SFOR. The EUFOR operational area has been divided into three areas.
The Multi-National Task Force
(MNTF) North was stationed in Tuzla with about 1,300 soldiers,
the MNTF Northwest with about 1,000 soldiers in Banja Luka,
and the MNTF Southeast with some 1,400 soldiers in Mostar.
The EUFOR Headquarters was set up at Camp Butmir, Sarajevo, together with a police unit, the Integrated Police Unit (IPU), with about 500 members.
In addition, some 2,000 soldiers were in Liaison and Observation Teams (LOT) in various Bosnian locations.

In February 2007, due to the improved security situation, the EUFOR forces were restructured and reduced to around 2,500 soldiers. The three MNTFs were disbanded and replaced by a battalion force, the Multinational Maneuver Battalion (MNBN) from March 28, 2007, which is stationed with the IPU at Camp Butmir. The Einsatzbataillon was formed from four infantry companies and a reconnaissance train.
The Linking and Observation Groups were maintained and supported by five Regional Coordination Centers (RCCs) in Sarajevo, Tuzla, Banja Luka, Mostar and Zenica.
If necessary, reinforcements were carried out by KFOR troops and by reservists in Europe, the Over the Horizon Forces. The latter include up to four battalions from France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom.

Contribution of the Bundeswehr.
The German Bundestag approved the proposal of the Federal Government on the participation of German armed forces in the EU-led Operation Althea [12] on 22 November of 2004. By its request of 22 November 2006 [13], the personnel ceiling was reduced to 2,400 soldiers. This figure includes 800 possible service posts in the contingent, 600 soldiers of a battalion of the operational reserve, 400 service posts which can be deployed simultaneously during a quota change as well as 600 soldiers planning reserves.

Currently, the focus of German participation is on civil-military cooperation and the provision of air transport capacity.
A special feature was the first foreign base of the BwFuhrparkService GmbH in the Rajlovac field camp opened on March 10, 2006. The Rajlovac field camp has now been completely handed over to the Bosnian army and no more German soldiers are stationed here. The office of BwFuhrparkService is now close to the international airport Sarajevo.
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« Ответ #4 : 09.Ноябрь.2016 10:37 »

Отдельно про Multinational Battalion (MNBN)

http://www.euforbih.org/eufor/index.php/eufor-elements/multinational-battalion

The MNBN mission is to be prepared to conduct operations autonomously or in support of the BiH authorities or European Union/International Community Agencies in Theatre when requested, in order to maintain a safe and secure environment (SASE). It is the only military manoeuvre unit operating in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). Another task is the reception and integration of the Operation ALTHEA Intermediate Reserve Force. Since EUFOR has increased its efforts in the capacity-building and training of the Bosnian authorities and, in particular, the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the MNBN can be reinforced by an Intermediate Reserve Force, a new rapidly deployable and capable force provided by six EU nations. This force will be held in their respective countries at an appropriate degree of readiness and would only deploy on operations if called forward by the Operation Commander.

Since 28th March 2007 the MNBN has formed the basis of the new European Union force structure in BiH. The MNBN, based in Camp BUTMIR (Sarajevo), presently is made up of two Motorized Companies from Austria and Turkey. A Battalion HQ provides the MNBN Commander the necessary means for planning and conducting operations.

The training of the MNBN consists of practices in cordon operations; known as Blue/Green Box techniques, Crowd and Riot Control (CRC), helicopter procedures, occupation and maintenance of Forward Operation Bases (FOB), medical evacuations, extraction of LOT personnel as well as mine awareness training. The MNBN frequently conducts its exercises in a combined way and in different areas in order to rehearse and maintain full command and control capabilities and procedures. In addition, all companies of the MNBN periodically conduct exercises in different training areas with a special focus on MOUT (Military Operation in Urban Terrain) and Live Firing.

MNBN units are equipped with weapons for self-defence, such as automatic rifles or heavy machine guns, as well as necessary gear for adequate self–protection, such as bullet-proof helmets and jackets. All MNBN units are motorized with 4–wheel drive vehicles and are able to quickly respond to any kind of situation. Orders are transmitted through the chain of command from MNBN HQ to company / unit level by an interoperable communications system, based on sat and land waves communications. The MNBN HQ in return maintains a line of communications to HQ EUFOR HQ at all times.
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« Ответ #5 : 09.Ноябрь.2016 12:08 »

Отдельно о австрийской части контингента.

http://www.bundesheer.at/english/td_international/artikel.php?id=31

Austria joined IFOR as early as January 1996 by contributing a transport element of approximately 300 men (AUSLOG/IFOR). This contingent was based in Camp Beluga at Visoko. According to the decreasing demand of transport elements the contingent was reduced, and in February 2000, 54 Austrian soldiers were integrated into the logistics unit of the German contingent based in Camp Rajlovac near the City of Sarajevo. The contingent included also staff members serving in Butmir headquarters. The mission of this transport unit expired in March 2001. Only the staff members remained at HQ SFOR.
In the context of the intended takeover of the mission by the European Union the Austrian Contingent AUCON 1/SFOR was committed. This contingent comprised 135 troops and included an Infantry Coy, a Liaison Observation Team (LOT) in the AOR of MNTF NW in Banja Luka, and maintenance elements. The Infantry Coy was deployed in the context of the Multinational Specialized Unit (MSU), the predecessor of the Integrated Police Unit (IPU). Its base was in Camp Butmir in Sarajevo.
With the deployment of AUCON 2/EUFOR and the beginning of the MNTF N Operation, the contingent was augmented to almost 300 troops. This augmentation provided additional personnel to HQ and the assumption of the lead nation status for the Composite Coy, including two LOT houses and the Security Coy for the Camp Eaglebase in Tuzla.
In the course of the rotation of AUCON 2 to AUCON 3 in July 2005 the structure of the contingent was changed again. Participation in IPU was stopped and a reconnaissance company was assigned to MNTF N. The staff elements in the HQs of NATO, EUFOR and MNTF N have remained almost unchanged. The transfer of the Log Base from Camp Butmir to Camp Eagle Base brought an essential improvement for the whole contingent.


The Multinational Task Force North consists of troops from thirteen nations, namely: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Latvia, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Sweden and Turkey.

The strength of the Task Force amounts to 1,300 troops. Its Headquarters is located in Camp Eaglebase near the City of Tuzla. Since 1 December 2005 Austria has lead MNTF-N as the framework nation. The Base was built by the Yugoslav Army as airbase "Dubrave” in 1952. When the Yugoslav Army withdrew they destroyed all ammunition and fuel storage facilities. The result was that large parts of the camps became restricted areas because of unexploded ordnances (UXO). The fenced-in area of the base is approximately 9 km2 and the airstrip is 3.5 km long.

Headquarters is organised as a brigade group staff and can form a transferable forward command post. At the beginning of December 2005 a new streamlined structure for HQ became effective to save about 15 percent of the personnel.
Austrian officers and non-commissioned officers have important jobs in this staff. The main units are the Security Coy to guard the Camp and to provide one platoon as a quick reaction force. The Austrian contributions to this company are the deputy commander and one sentry platoon.
The Signal Coy is made available by Finland including a transferable armoured command post, which disposes of satellite communication.

Austria is the framework nation by contributing the Composite Coy. This coy is broken down into two essential areas: verification and LOT organisation. The strength of the company is about 245 troops composed of eight nations. The verification element observes and controls all stationary facilities of the local armed forces at regular intervals. Every movement of the local armed forces to locations outside their barracks and storage areas have to be announced and approved by EUFOR in advance. Another task of the verification element is the observation of the activities to disarm mines. These activities are carried out by the responsible local authorities, but only little progress is made, and several accidents have already occurred.

The LOT organisation runs 14 LOT houses, which are supplied by six nations. The crew of one LOT house consists of eight to ten experienced officers and non- commissioned officers. Austria is responsible for the LOT houses Bratunac and Vlasenica. Especially the LOT house Bratunac is of particular importance because of its nearness to Srebrenica, where the worst massacre of this war happened ten years ago.

The Force Multiplier of MNTF N is the Aviation Coy because of the long distances and the relatively small number of troops. Their tasks are liaison, reconnaissance and transport flights. The MNTF N disposes also of the only fully equipped rescue helicopter.

The reconnaissance company disposes of two unarmoured motorised reconnaissance platoons provided by Austria. They serve for the preparation of operations and the provision of information. The most important means to provide information is reconnaissance by conversation; seven local native speakers are available to do this job for the company.

With the Multinational Integrated Logistics Unit (MILU) the Task Force has a supply element to run Camp Eagle Base and to support the installed forces with transport, vitals, sanitary facilities and explosive ordnance disposal (EOD). Moreover, further integration of the national support elements (NSE) is planned in MILU to save costs as well as to reduce personnel.

The most essential element to accomplish the mission of the MNTF N is the manoeuvre battalion. The battalion consists of one battalion command post and three infantry companies. Each of them disposes of an armoured platoon. Portugal, Poland and Turkey are contributing these three companies. The framework nation for commanding this battalion changes every six months. The battalion command post is located in Camp Eagle Base (CEB) at Tuzla.

The Turkish company is situated in Camp Zenica. The Polish company had its camp in CEB. This deployment leads to a better distribution of troops in the area of responsibility (AOR), and shortens reaction time in the Eastern part of the country extremely.
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